Third, UWP apps behave differently from standard desktop applications, sometimes not in a good way. Which .NET framework for Windows: UWP, WPF or Windows Forms? Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) and XAML combine into a rich presentation system for building Windows desktop applications with visually stunning user experiences that incorporate UI, media, and complex business models. At this point I’m not sure why you would use UWP, unless there is some special reason eg you want to run on HoloLens. using the Universal Windows Platform (UWP) going forward, or enhancing WPF applications with new features. UWP is an evolution of the new application platform introduced in Windows 8 in 2012. However it appeared that Winforms are just nicer for the people. For native compilation, UWP uses.NET native, which have better performance than WPF.NET NGEN according to all internet. Hi Clyde, looks like Microsoft agrees with you re WPF , “This is the preferred technology for Windows-based desktop applications that require UI complexity, styles customization, and graphics-intensive scenarios for the desktop.”, https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/dn614993(v=vs.85).aspx, “Why would you not always use WPF rather than Windows Forms? As you can see, CPU usage with WPF while scrolling was horrible. for Native development ignorant, never mind don’t want to get discourteous again. Let���s have a look. The Windows SDK provides several Windows Runtime classes and COM interfaces that your application can use to host any UWP control that derives from Windows.UI.Xaml.UIElement. And classic theme in WPF is not alternative – it is far from “true” classic. The later percentage is GPU usage. I am not a fan of this database framework, which quickly gets convoluted, but you do not have to use it. Both Windows Forms and WPF are old, and Microsoft is pointing developers towards its Universal Windows Platform (UWP) instead. The power of WPF lies beyond the shiny world of the components found in the Visual Studio or provided by third-party vendors. Qt is a large amount of source, which must be present and preinstalled on any … I understand why they did some things but there are a mountain of things that should be easy that are difficult or are impossible. WPF: (Windows Presentation Foundation) Is a windows desktop framework within .Net Framework starting from v3.0. c) WPF and Silverlight are the next big things At the same time I do see the merits of UWP versus traditional Windows application deployment. If you want more ���benchmarks��� like this, comment below and I may do in the future! The .net framework is a solid base, beyond the shiny component layer, to build your application framework for special demands that can be addressed in an excellent fashion based on a profound architecture invented by you. Of course, I’m working in a large enterprise with a network topology consisting of no less than 700 servers, with Win 7 and Win 10 clients across 6 states. Tim: C# Compare Windows Forms vs WPF vs UWP What kinds of desktop applications can you make in C# with Visual Studio? Hi there, I am a WPF programmer for couple years now, I have enough experience on it, but after I installed Visual Studio 2015, I started having some kind of confusion, First there are windows forms projects (the usual thing), WPF projects (the thing I do best), then there are two new project types: WinRT and UWP (Universal Windows Platform). In every programming language I’ve used from now to the dawn of 1985 I’ve been able to open a file and read it’s contents with a few lines of code. With the same 1000 color names. Then the company canned Windows Phone, before UWP had properly launched, in effect deleting the “Universal” part of the platform. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Required fields are marked *. I work a lot with images so this often pops up, as the default image viewer on Windows 10. For a real world example, download our canned demo that includes MFC, Winforms, and WPF variations of the same demo. As a component maker, I’d say WPF and UWP are a nightmare and it takes MS afterthoughts/hacks to draw anything with performance. if you don’t have the resources X-platform seems viable, With Commit size RAM usage, things for WPF was way worse. but you never actually answered the question – which one should we use? https://deanchalk.com/microsoft-and-the-uwp-for-enterprise-delusion-f22fcbbe2757. I can say I enjoyed using UWP a great deal more. That is to say, it's an application model that asks you to write (Windows 10 only) Desktop apps that behave like tablet apps. But I would like to say, mostly, this is not UWP fault. The resource compiler used to build the dialogs for MFC is also a separate step but that's still c++. I was not stressing it, but it crashed which, as is typical for a UWP app, means it just disappeared without any message or warning. Yes, mobile is the future of client applications, cross-platform is cool, web applications are amazing; but out there in the real world, there are still a ton of people who work all day with a Windows PC, and businesses that want PC applications in order to get their work done. The main issue is that the time you save on figuring out scaling is more than consumed by the time you spend on design.”. Leaving aside your discourteous language, the truth is that there are many different levels of professional development from high-end commercial software to dull but important line of business applications; there are more people doing the latter of course. Too many choose WPF or UWP simply due to dis-information. Real Windows architecture is always the best for real Windows development, meaning Winforms, ActiveXs, MFC, VCLs, etc. Microsoft shovels more dirt on UWP apps, leaving Win32 apps as the future once again While the demise of UWP may be a win for users, killing off UWP … WPF is a designer-centric framework. .net floating point speed , ROFL However there are a few things against it. Everything just lined itself up and the demo looked great. When I disabled the effects, the results were pretty much the same. e) XAML (C++ and Javascript) is the next big thing ( The new incarnation (WinUI 3.0) will decouple the UWP UI framework and distribute it as a separate package (rather than a part of Windows 10 and UWP SDKs). As with Windows Forms, there is deep support for binding data to controls. of non vertical LOB in forms, delusional blowfication, typical b ig m outh blogger. The apps I know best are the built-in ones, Mail, Photos, Groove Music, Calculator, and I do not love any of them. My problem is with the UWP or WPF (see more detail below). It was one year before Apple released its iPhone. I hope I never have to go back. In other words, you can think of your form as a grid of pixels with the position of your controls determined at design time by its size and coordinates. Read this carefully if you use Windows Forms. No DrawingVisuals, for instance. If you want to code in .NET (which is a great choice for a Windows-only application, and with the possibility of migrating code to cross-platform via Xamarin’s compiler later), then you have three obvious choices: This is the framework for Windows desktop applications that was introduced at the same time as .NET itself, back in 2002. With all the various assemblies, versions, platforms, and applications now in the mix it is just damn daunting at times to find the perfect compliment of those items to deliver to a company that couldn’t care less about the tech, but is all over us about the functionality. Last year, Microsoft announced a complete overhaul of WinUI - the native UI platform for Windows 10. And also because if you are working on heavy content, Listview will get you in trouble, and you���ll need to do further optimizations. I did it in about 20 minutes, thank god for Dock Panels and Stack Panels and Grids and everything XAML. With RS3, Listview have Reveal animations by default, and these animations doesn���t run on the app thread. d) killed WPF’s reputation in a sense of becoming the preferred choice on every developer’s desktop. did sinofsky and his tawtsquad try to undermine WPF, yep, did it work, only on the dabblers wannabes, just take a look at all the high paying WPF jobs all over the world, the try to get a position in “compiler and designing programming languages and math totally independent from the technology.”, It take same time to create simple gui in Forms as in WPF? UWP is the current eldest successor of WPF. But there���s a caveat here. Aren't Console applications super-old technology? And basically you will use Listview anywhere. only with the ignorant, and speaking of It was introduced with .NET Framework 3.0 in 2006, part of the Vista wave of technology. Designing using the technology mix mentioned is about growing companies into levels where you can very quickly face competition from others who simply hold a banking license. It’s WPF for me. wsyeager Member ... Android, and UWP (see the attached file for links). There are reasons for each of them. Put another way, UWP is … I decided to do a simple performance comparison between WPF and UWP Listview. The results were pretty impressive. The Universal Windows Platform (UWP) has its roots in SilverLight instead of being based on the Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF). UWP Apps written in C# or VB are compiled to .NET Native. Using XAML Islands with WPF and WinForms. And the experience too. If WPF was all about scaling and multimedia, the Windows 8 modern app platform is about touch support and Store-based deployment. it’s not even close. Avalon was WPF's codename. While scrolling the listview, UWP is also way better. In this article series I explain what the options are – e.g. Unfortunately it has suffered from Microsoft’s ever-changing development strategy. b) WPF will replace Winforms and Winforms is dead. The Ballad of Mott the Hoople and Ian Hunter, https://deanchalk.com/microsoft-and-the-uwp-for-enterprise-delusion-f22fcbbe2757, https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/windows/desktop/dn614993(v=vs.85), Delphi Blogs of the Month #59 - Blog - Developer Tools - IDERA Community, Desktop Development on Windows and Delphi VCL Library - Blog - Developer Tools - IDERA Community, TalkTalk’s new Sagemcom FAST 5364 Router and WiFi Hub. It runs directly on the windows compositor (dwm). This provides developers the flexibility to bring modern interfaces of UWP into Windows Forms and WPF. Ya, I get it, but this is a metaphor for why UWP hasn’t taken off. WPF uses XAML language for its UI drawing, and C# or VB.NET as a back-end programming language. There are also other options for the desktop, such as Xamarin Forms if you still want to use .NET, or Electron for using web technologies for desktop applications. App with stylish user interface that scales nicely: WPF. Even with UWP JIT, UWP Listview performance and resource usage were superior from WPF. The Windows 8 app platform made sense to me as a way of bringing Windows into the tablet era and enabling applications that were more secure and more easily deployed, even if it tended to result in applications that were blocky and ugly. Why would you not always use WPF rather than Windows Forms? Why is Windows Forms still in use? Its pedigree is a hybrid of the Silverlight/Windows Phone feature set, that morphed into MWAs, that morphed into UWP. Windows Presentation Foundation (WPF) has been released as part of the .NET framework 3.0 in 2006. This brings chemistry handling to Word documents. For example, quick app for your desktop: Windows forms. Paint 3D is amazing but not my thing. The Universal Windows Platform, UWP for short, was supposed to be the future of Windows. People who can afford such an architecture can afford writhing everything in C/C++ almost from scratch, simply because using WPF starts to pay at this point. UWP, WPF, and WinForms have amazing Control suites from companies like Telerik In Electron you can take advantage of the huge amount of web libraries and controls available While C++ is not the most productive language when compared to C# or Java, it makes sense to use Qt when your application is heavily interacting with a C++ native layer. UWP can use XAML for layout design, but it is not compatible with WPF. Data binding to controls also seems more natural in WPF allowing to design in some real flexibility (less hard coded processes) to how the machine operates. On the other hand a simpler solution to all this is the RDP protocol ;). Adding a Visual Studio code workspace to a GitHub repository, A UI lesson: do not ask users to choose between Register and Login, Flashbacks of a Fool, a film inspired by a song. A later article follows where you can see how to use features from UWP within WPF. . Both Windows Forms and WPF are old, and Microsoft is pointing developers towards its Universal Windows Platform (UWP) instead. The vs-addin for visual studio does this automatically as does Qt's own commandline make process. a) Winforms rules “Microsoft And The UWP For Enterprise Delusion” Tim, it might be a good article to write about non-MS alternatives on Windows, sometime? The young developer you mentioned will be better off educating him or herself in the area of computer graphics and parallel computing as well as compiler and designing programming languages and math totally independent from the technology. Starting in Windows 10, version 1903, we provide two ways to use XAML Islands in your WPF, Windows Forms, and C++ Win32 applications: 1. And through it all, the VCL still works, eh? What do you expect that people might think? Left unsaid, however, is that this is a refutation of the original strategy and that Microsoft only made this change, over time, because most developers rejected UWP. This manifests in which IDE you use whether Visual Studio 2019, Visual Studio for Mac, or even Visual Studio Code. Even if the project does not require such an amount the suppliers simply play in that league today. Is WinForms dead? This was Microsoft’s second go at a GUI framework for .NET and in many respects a great improvement. So when a business comes to you and says, we want a new Windows application to do this or that, and presuming they do not care about mobile or Macs or access over the internet but just want something that runs on their internal network, what framework do you choose? 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Save my name, email, and Microsoft is pointing developers towards its Universal Windows platform ( UWP instead! Like processes system, APIs, and C # with Visual Studio a back-end language... Used the latest 16232 SDK ( RS3 ) about Winforms designer-centric platform and so! Good choice third-party vendors actually answered the question if WPF was all about scaling and multimedia the. World example, quick uwp vs wpf for your desktop: Windows Forms hour or two I put back! I did it in about 20 minutes, thank god for Dock Panels and Stack Panels and Grids and XAML! World toward more modern do not have to use it or are impossible can see, there���s by... Was introduced with.NET framework 4.7, Windows Presentation Foundation ( WPF ) create simple GUI in Forms, is. Great option to Compare performance year after an hour or two I put it back down our canned demo includes... I do see the attached file for links ) a ) Winforms rules b WPF.