His wise and prudent judgement and leadership helped to ensure victory against overwhelming odds and thus prevented the loss of the Battle of Britain and probably the whole war. Pilot Officer Jan Zumbach wrote in his memoirs: 'The British wasting so much of our time with their childish exercises, when all of us had already won their wings'. Hugh Dowding se narodil ve městě Moffat na jihu Skotska v roce 1882. [19], Dowding also introduced modern aircraft into service during the pre war period, including the eight gun Spitfire and Hurricane. Air Chief Marshal Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding, GCB, GCVO, CMG (24 April 1882 – 15 February 1970) was an officer in the Royal Air Force. [1] The American poet H.D. His body was cremated and its ashes were placed below the Battle of Britain Memorial Window in the Royal Air Force chapel in Westminster Abbey. Hugh Trenchard n'y adhérait pas (V.Orange, 91). L'ouvrage fut finalement publié en 1946[28]. In November 1940, Downding was replaced in command against his wishes by Sholto Douglas, another Big Wing advocate. Les historiens considèrent que la stratégie d'attrition tenue par Dowding a permis à la R.A.F. Lors de la dernière phase, le Blitz sur Londres et les grandes villes de Grande-Bretagne, il fut désavoué par l’Air Chief Marshal Charles Portal, en faveur d'une tendance divergente au sein du Fighter Command. The book was finally published in 1946, soon after the war ended. Pourtant il est probable que cette humanité joua contre lui[6] à la fois dans sa carrière et dans la reconnaissance qu'il était en droit d'attendre des plus hautes autorités britanniques. Yet they kept on flying. It's all in the tactics of warfare.Any weapon or weapon system is just as effective as its tactics. Malgré cet hommage[29], Hugh Dowding considérait que lui-même était redevable de ces "Fighter Boys" : Il aurait aimé pouvoir découper sa décoration en mille morceaux pour les distribuer à ses pilotes[30]. He outlived Lou Henry Hoover, his wife, … Dowding established the entire RAF command and control operation, including RAF Fighter Command headquarters at Bentley Priory. The inscription reads:.mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, Air Chief Marshal Lord Dowding was commander-in-chief of Fighter Command, Royal Air Force, from its formation in 1936 until November 1940. Bien que leurs relations se soient améliorées à partir de 1926 (B.Collier, 1957, Chevalier grand-croix de l'ordre du Bain‎, Chevalier grand-croix de l'ordre royal de Victoria, Compagnon de l'ordre de Saint-Michel et Saint-Georges, The letter that changed the course of history, Article qui mentionne les croyances de Dowding, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hugh_Dowding&oldid=176606011, Personnalité inhumée à l'abbaye de Westminster, Guerre aérienne durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Militaire britannique de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Personnel de l'armée de terre britannique pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Catégorie Commons avec lien local identique sur Wikidata, Article de Wikipédia avec notice d'autorité, Portail:Seconde Guerre mondiale/Articles liés, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Politique, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Militaire, Portail:Biographie/Articles liés/Entreprises, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. [47], A statue of Dowding stands outside St Clement Danes church on the Strand, London. Dowding retired from the Royal Air Force in July 1942 and was made a peer in June 1943. Robert Wright fut l'assistant personnel de Hugh Dowding durant la bataille d'Angleterre Hugh Caswall Tremenheere Dowding, 1st Baron Dowding, (born April 24, 1882, Moffat, Dumfriesshire, Scot.—died Feb. 15, 1970, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, Eng. He was Air Officer Commanding RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain and is generally credited with playing a crucial role in Britain's defence, and hence, the defeat of Adolf Hitler's plan to invade Britain. [8] He was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George on 1 January 1919. Dowding became Air Officer Commanding Fighting Area, Air Defence of Great Britain in December 1929 and then joined the Air Council as Air Member for Supply and Research in September 1930. The Poles, combat experienced and eager to fight, did not take that kind of approach very lightly. Dowding carefully husbanded his forces throughout 1940. In many places they won and in many places they did not as this was a local function. Hugh Dowding led RAF Fighter Command throughout the Battle of Britain but was soon retired. We have put up statues to some of our distinguished airmen of the last war, such as Air Marshall Sir Hugh Dowding and Air Marshall Sir Arthur Harris, but not to one of our most distinguished electrical engineers, Sir Robert Watson-Watt (Fig. He described his pitifully small complement of men and how rarely they slept. Quoi qu'il en soit, Hugh Dowding était un homme qui ne s'intéressait pas aux "questions purement politiciennes" et qui défendait bec et ongles ses convictions, caractère qu'il partageait d'ailleurs avec Winston Churchill. You are very keen to implement your dreams and your plans. 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