What’s more, it’s easy to replace rice or quinoa with whole sorghum in most recipes. Sorghum is an environmentally responsible crop. Sorghum is an important grain because it gives an alternative to wheat for those who need a gluten-free diet, it is usually eaten as a whole-grain which keeps the hull and its’ nutrients intact. Sorghum flour is finely ground from the whole grain kernel of Sorghum. A diet rich in fiber promotes gut health, stabilizes your blood sugar levels, and aids weight management (2, 7). Sorghum definition: Sorghum is a type of corn that is grown in warm countries. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. While there are more than 30 different species of sorghum, only one is harvested for human consumption, while the others are primarily used as a fodder for animals. Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia, with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. A cereal, Sorghum bicolor (syn. Not only is it used in cereals and flour, but it's also used in livestock feed, to produce ethanol and to make syrup, and the stalks can be used to make brooms. The syrup has a rich, dark color and consistency similar to molasses but with a milder taste. If you’re looking for a nutritious grain to add to your next meal, give sorghum a try. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is a less well-known grain in the world food market. Sorghum is one of the top five cereal crops in the world. It often prevents you from enjoying … Sorghum is available as a syrup or milled flour, as well as in whole or flaked form. The syrup is made from the juice of sorghum, while molasses comes from sugarcane. Sorghum boasts an impressive nutrient profile. Here are the 14 best gluten-free flours. Bone Health. These varieties form important components of forage in many tropical regions. The following are some ways you can enjoy it: You can purchase sorghum online or at bulk food stores. Sorghum is a quality wholegrain, providing important nutrients including protein, dietary fibre and a range of minerals and vitamins. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Sorghum and the flour made from it is an example of one of these grains 1. Today, the United States is the largest producer of sorghum where it's primarily used for animal feed. It was originally cultivated in Egypt in antiquity; the largest producers of sorghum in the modern era are still in Africa, although the crop has spread to southern Asia and the Americas as well. Sweet sorghum (Sorghum vulgare) is grown for the manufacture of syrup. Seventeen of the 25 species are native to Australia, with the range of some extending to Africa, Asia, Mesoamerica, and certain islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Sorghum is a non-GMO, gluten free, ancient grain that is most commonly used as feed for livestock but is also a popular food grain for people residing in Asia and Africa. The plant likely originated in Africa, where it is a major food crop, and has numerous varieties, including grain sorghums, used for food; grass sorghums, grown for hay and fodder; and broomcorn , used in making brooms and brushes. For a nutritious snack, try popping the whole grains on the stovetop to make popcorn. Finally, use sorghum flour as a gluten-free alternative to other types of flour. In its whole form, this grain can be cooked like quinoa or rice, milled into a flour, or popped like popcorn. Sorghum is many thousands of years old. Learn more. This article takes a close look at grains and their health effects, both the good stuff and the…, Replacing refined grains in favor of whole grains has been linked to various health benefits. Sorghum is an ancient cereal grain belonging to the grass family Poaceae. Its whole grain is commonly used in baking, while its syrup is used as a sweetener. It’s rich in nutrients and easy to add to your diet, but its merits don’t stop there. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Plus, sorghum syrup is lower in fructose levels than other sweeteners and is high in potassium. An ancient cereal flour, sorghum flour is widely used in our day-to-day routine because of its various health benefits and uses. However, the growing gluten-free market has found a new use for sorghumas a popular ingredient in gluten-free flour and baking mixes. Sorghum is a cereal grain that grows tall like corn, and it is used for a lot more than just sweetening. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. China purchased around $1 billion worth of American sorghum per year until April 2018 when China imposed retaliatory duties on American sorghum as part of the trade war between the two countries. A cultivated grass (Sorghum bicolor) native to sub-Saharan Africa, several varieties of which are widely grown for their grain, as forage, or as a source of syrup. Super-foods are considered to be nutrient-rich powerhouses that are beneficial for overall health and well-being. A popular baking alternative and nutritious whole grain, sorghum helps improve heart health, reduces inflammation, and promotes digestion. Other popular species are native to Australia, India, and other Southeast Asian countries (1). We include products we think are useful for our readers. Queensland Government", "Sorghum, targeted by tariffs, is a U.S. crop China started buying only five years ago", FAO Report (1995) "Sorghum and millets in human nutrition", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sorghum&oldid=994667665, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 22:24. It uses fewer natural resources in its production and is the model sustainable crop. Weak bones can limit our lives to a great extent. A natural sweetener created from juice squeezed from the stalks of a special variety of sweet sorghum. In recipes that call for molasses, you can generally replace it with sorghum syrup at a ratio of 1:1. Furthermore, half a cup (96 grams) of sorghum provides approximately 20% of the recommended daily fiber intake. Sorghum is naturally gluten-free, making it a good option if you’re avoiding gluten. S. bicolor is an important food crop in Africa, Central America, and South Asia, and is the fifth-most important cereal crop grown in the world. 2. This article reviews the nutritional content and many uses of sorghum. Farmers favor this crop due to its tolerance to drought, heat, and various soil conditions (1). Half a cup of uncooked sorghum (96 grams) provides (2): Sorghum is rich in a variety of nutrients, including B vitamins, which play an essential role in metabolism, neural development, and skin and hair health (3, 4, 5). First and foremost, in the United States, sorghum is used as livestock feed and turned into ethanol. There are many species of sorghum, the most popular being Sorghum bicolor, which is native to Africa. Sorghum, the ancient grain that's so popular in the South, acts the most like corn kernels when heated. It comes in a distant fifth for most produced grains—behind barley, rice, wheat, and corn. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or purple (1). It’s one of the top five cereal crops in the world and can be grown as a grain, forage or sweet crop. Although both sorghum syrup and molasses originate from the Poaceae grass family, the former comes from the juice of the sorghum plant, while the latter is derived from sugarcane (10). Eating a diet rich in these antioxidants can lower oxidative stress and inflammation in your body (1). Like most gluten-free flours it cannot be used solely as a wheat flour substitute but it is commonly used in several branded gluten-free flour blends such as Bob’s Red Mill Gluten Free 1-To-1 Baking Flour due to non-assertive flavour and soft texture. It’s likewise an excellent source of fiber, antioxidants, and protein. Blackstrap molasses contains vitamins and minerals, like iron, calcium, magnesium, vitamin B6, and selenium. 14 Healthy Whole-Grain Foods (Including Gluten-Free Options), 8 Gluten-Free Grains That Are Super Healthy, 5 Benefits of Farro, A Healthy and Nutritious Ancient Grain, Amaranth: An Ancient Grain With Impressive Health Benefits. Gluten is a group of proteins found in certain grains that gives food products a stretchy quality and structure. Sorghum syrup: “Sweet sorghum,” a species of sorghum with a higher sugar content in its stalks, is …  Sorghum is in the subfamily Panicoideae and the tribe Andropogoneae (the tribe of big bluestem and sugarcane). For those looking for a gluten-free grain, sorghum is a super healthy option. Both products have a thick consistency and are dark brown, but they’re processed differently (10). This tall, broad-leaf plant resembles corn in the field, but the grain crop is best known for its end product: sweet sorghum syrup. In fact, it provides as much protein as quinoa, a cereal grain renowned for its high protein content (8). Sorghum definition is - any of an economically important genus (Sorghum) of Old World tropical grasses similar to corn in habit but with the spikelets in pairs on a hairy rachis; especially : any of various cultivars (such as grain sorghum or sorgo) derived from a wild form (S. bicolor synonym S. vulgare). Here are 12 healthy ancient…. Syrup made from the juice of this plant. Finally, this grain is a great source of protein. Sorghum is a nutrient-packed grain that you can use in many ways. In most recipes, it can replace grains at a 1:1 ratio. Sorghum grass seed has higher protein content than corn and is used as a principal feed ingredient for cattle and poultry. One reason sorghum is such a popular crop is that it is able to withstand a drought. Sorghum flour's a player in most gluten-free flour blends for gloriously gluten-free breads and pastries. 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