It is commercially important as a source of maple syrup, maple sugar, and hardwood lumber useful in furniture manufacture … It has a dense crown of leaves, which turn various shades of gold to scarlet in fall.Its three- to five-lobed leaves appear after the greenish yellow flowers of spring. The leaf edge will not have any serrated teeth. Similar to red maple but bruised or scraped bark has a very fetid or foul odor. When compared to sugar, black and red maple, silver maple is a distinctly fourth choice for sugaring for several reasons. Table 3-2 contains a descriptive comparison and Figures 3.2 through 3.5 illustrate characteristic leaves, bark, twigs, and fruits of sugar, black, red and silver maple. Narrow, scaly ridges: Norway maple, box elder and red maple share this feature. Like all maples, the leaves, buds and twigs of all four are attached in pairs opposite each other along the branches. Silver and sugar maple are easy to tell apart by leaf, buds, and growth habit. Other popular varieties of maple trees for gardens are the Amur Maple (Acer ginnala), Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), and the Hedge Maple tree (Acer campestre). If you are thinking of planting sugar maple trees, you probably already know that sugar maple are among the best-loved trees on the continent. Similar to sugar maple but usually darker and more deeply grooved or furrowed. This is a blog about tree branches: what they look like, how they develop, how they differ between species, and how you can use them to identify trees in winter. Maple Tree Identification. Identification of the Sugar Maple: Like other maples, Sugar Maples have opposite, lobed leaves. Horseshoe-shaped double-winged fruit with parallel or slightly divergent wings. The 3 most popular type of maple trees are Maple Sugar, Red maple and Japanese Maple. Considerable red is seen in bark pattern as scales develop. First, its sugar content is usually lower than red maple's, perhaps as much as 1/2 percent or more, which means even higher production costs and lower profits. Acer saccharum identification sugar maple tree branches Woody plants Jerry Jenkins, White Creek, N.Y. First, the sap sugar content of red maple will be less, on the average, than that of nearby comparable sugar or black maples, perhaps by 1/2 percent or more. Silvery gray on young trees breaking into long thin scaly plates that give the trunks of older trees a very shaggy appearance. Wide, irregular strips: The sugar maple has dark grayish-brown bark with wide, vertical strips that curl outward at the edges. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with smooth gray bark. Four states have picked this tree as their state tree – New York, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Vermont – and it is also the national tree of Canada. Learn how to identify sugar maple trees to make maple syrup. The leaves of sugar maple trees are up to 8” (20 cm) long and wide. Four states have picked this tree as their state tree – New York, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Vermont – and it is also the national tree of Canada. There only slight overlap in habitat: silver maple usually grows closer to water and sugar maple on well-drained sites. Silver maple's growth rate often responds dramatically to thinning or release cutting. In addition, when the sap of some red maples is processed, an excessive amount of sugar sand is produced. Other Species Easily Confused With: Red maple, bigleaf maple, birches The light-colored wood is used for furniture, flooring, cabinets, charcoal and firewood. The real difference is that the Red Maple has lighter and smoother bark then the Sugar Maple. Striped maple is a small slender tree which rarely attains tapable size. On young trees light gray to brown and somewhat smooth; on older trees gray to almost black with irregular plates or scales. Sugar maple leaves will have a dark green color on the outside, and a lighter green on the underside. Flower: Light yellow-green, small, clustered, hanging from a long, slender (1 to 3 inch) stem, appearing with or slightly before the leaves in early spring. Because sugar and black maple resume growth later than red or silver maple, sap may be collected later in the spring. Throughout much of the commercial maple region, however, most maple producers will not tap silver maple. Birches have pores wider than the rays. North through all of New England, southern Quebec and Ontario, and the Canadian Maritimes. This is the geographic area of greatest abundance of sugar maple ( Acer saccharum) and black maple ( Acer nigrum ), … at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy. Identifying a silver maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.5) is done from the leaves by observing the 5 lobes with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip, the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves, the presence of fine teeth along the margin but not on the inner sides of the sinuses and the silvery white underside; from the bark of older trees by the trunk's shaggy appearance; from the twigs by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the presence of a fetid or foul odor when the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its V-shape and size. Photo © Yann Kemper, Public Domain. Red maple's bark is normally dark brown, whereas box elder and Norway maple bark is more grayish. Each of the largest three lobes has one to several sharp-pointed tips. Acer saccharum, the sugar maple, is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae.It is native to the hardwood forests of eastern Canada, from Nova Scotia west through southern Quebec, central and southern Ontario to southeastern Manitoba around Lake of the Woods, and northcentral and … Maple trees are usually grown in gardens as landscaping plants, owing to their beauty and their extensive branching system. There only slight overlap in habitat: silver maple usually grows closer to water and sugar maple on well-drained sites. The star of eastern North American fall foliage viewing and principle source of maple syrup. Identifying a tree as a sugar or black maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.2 & 3.3) is easily done from the leaves by observing 5-lobed leaves, the paired opposite attachment of the leaves along the stem and the lack of teeth along the leaf margin; from the bark of older trees by observing the long plates that remain attached on one side; from the twigs by observing the opposite arrangement of buds and the relatively long, pointed, brownish terminal bud; and from the seed by observing its horseshoe shape and size. Like the white ash, the sugar maple is one of the few trees with opposite leaf buds. Sugar Maples & Insect Problems. Norway Maple is frequent in urban areas where it is planted as a street tree or invasive in vacant lots. Bigleaf maple typically has a pinkish cast to it. The tree produces a dense, round, compact crown when grown in the open and is used quite extensively as a shade or ornamental tree. Genetic research on sugar maple suggests that the sap sugar content of planted seedlings can be increased by controlled breeding. Does not do well in a restricted root zone situation; tolerates shade better than most maples; leaf scorch may develop with drought; moderate pollution … Naturalists lead maple-sugaring tours showing how to identify sugar maples, tap trees, and collect sap at this Mass Audubon property. Distinguishing between them may be more of an academic exercise than one useful in sugar bush management because (1) they are essentially identical in quality as sugar trees, and (2) they often hybridize producing trees with a range of characteristics, making it difficult to clearly distinguish between them. Sugar sand can cause several problems during the production process. There are thirteen native maple species in North America (Table 3-1). Under natural conditions, silver maple is primarily a bottomland and floodplain species, where it may occur in pure stands but is more commonly found associated with other bottom species such as American elm, sweetgum, pin oak, swamp white oak, eastern cottonwood, sycamore, and/or green ash. Acer saccharum identification sugar maple tree branches Woody plants Jerry Jenkins, White Creek, N.Y. The sugar maple (Acer saccharum) (hard maple, rock maple) is one of our largest and finest forest trees, growing to a height of 80 feet with a diameter of two or more feet. Other Common Names/Trade Names: Hard maple Scientific Name: Acer saccharum Best Characteristics for Identification: Rays wider than pores. East to the Appalachian Mountains. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 11/2 to 2 inch long samara with divergent wings (Figure 3.12). Both species are relatively long lived, capable of living well beyond 200 years, with trunk diameters greater than 30 inches and heights greater than 100 feet. Uses: Veneer, lumber, furniture, cabinets, flooring, pulp East to the Appalachian Mountains. Silver Maple vs Sugar Maple. Other Common Names/Trade Names: Hard maple Twigs are smooth and reddish-brown with sharp-pointed winter buds. Species. Older trees developing furrows and ultimately long, irregular, thick vertical plates that appear to peal from the trunk in a vertical direction. Sugar maple leaves are three to five inches wide and have five lobes with a round base. Sugar maple leaves are three to five inches wide and have five lobes with a round base. A somewhat shiny, brownish, slender, relatively smooth twig with. The sugar content is 2x that of other maple trees in sugar maples which means less boiling down. That really does not mean much because most of the hard boiling is driving off water the more concentrated the syrup is. Distinguishing between sugar and black maple is best done by comparing the leaf structure (particularly the number of lobes, droopiness and presence or absence of stipules along base of petiole) and by the degree of bumpiness of the twigs. These four species share several characteristics in common. While most of these species are probably tapped to some extent, at least by hobbyists, sugar and black maple, along with red maple (Acer rubrum), provide most of the commercial sap. Pests include borers and cottony maple scale. Maple sugar, red maple have typically 5 lobes and Japanese maple between 5 to 7 lobes. Thinning or release cutting will substantially shorten the age-to-tapable-size. The way to tell Red Maple and Sugar Maple apart is by the bark. One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. Neither of these species is commonly tapped. Mountain maple is essentially a shrub. This lower sap sugar content translates to higher costs of production and lower profits. Winged seed approximately 1" long. Sugar Maple Tree Identification Sugar maple trees can grow to be 100 feet tall. East to the Appalachian Mountains. The tree likes Sun to half-shade,brown leaf margins indicate a lack of water. Uses: Veneer, lumber, furniture, cabinets, flooring, pulp General Natural Range: Minnesota south to Arkansas. Probably no other species of forest tree, certainly no hardwood, can thrive on a wider variety of soil types and sites. The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). Suffers from salt, drought, and air pollution. Sugar Maple Tree. Third, like red maple, the evaporation of sap from some silver maples produces an excessive amount of sugar sand. 2-6 inches wide; 3lobed (occasionally weakly 5-lobed); sharply V-shaped sinuses; small sharp teeth along. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with a smooth light gray bark, developing into gray or black ridges and ultimately narrow scaly plates. Two years after the introduction of the Newton Cemetery tree, Mr. Temple introduced another upright maple which he called Monumentale. If these species occur in a sugarbush it is important to be able to identify them. Hard maple or sugar maple trees produce a high quality timber and yield maple syrup. In the fall, sugar maple leaves will lose their green color and take on a beautiful orange, yellow, or red. Also the Red Maple has a bitter sap as compared to the Sugar Maple. Silver maple is among the fastest growing hardwood species commonly planted in eastern North America, certainly the fastest growing maple. It normally grows 80 to 110 feet in height, but 150-foot specimens have been known. The term "buddy sap" is often applied to late season sap which produces syrup with a very disagreeable flavor and odor. The fruits are paired samaras. Slender, shiny, usually reddish in color; terminal buds. Similar to sugar maple but twig surface with small warty growths (lenticels, which are not raised much above the bark surface in sugar maple) and often more hairy buds. Red maple is one of the most abundant and widespread hardwood trees in North America (Figure 3.8). Also, all four produce a fruit called a samara (or double samara), which is a pair of connected, winged seeds. Fruits mature in fall. You will have to carry 2x as much sap from a regular maple as a sugar maple for the same amount of syrup. The leaves are lobed and the flowers are yellow. The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). Sugar and black maple have the highest sap sugar content of any of the native maples. Bigleaf or Acer macrophyllum. Identifying Norway Maple and Sugar Maple Trees Many maple trees live in the forests that line the valley and bluff of the Illinois River. Scientific Name:  Acer saccharum While the exact sap sugar content of a tree will vary depending on many factors including genetics, site and weather, sugar and black maples generally average between 2.0 and 2.5 percent sap sugar content. Four are attached in pairs opposite each other along the branches weakly 5-lobed ) ; sharply sinuses. Showing how to identify sugar maple leaf is the only maple present on many.. 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