The vessel then righted herself, capsized once more and then sank. As I recounted in Finest Hour 169 [“Scapa Flow: The Impregnable Base of the Grand Fleet”], Churchill had been First Lord of the Admiralty for only six weeks and was not blamed for the loss of Royal Oakby the Parliamentary Opposition. Death toll: 833 from the ship’s complement of 1,234 perished. On the evening of 21 May 1941, battle cruisers HMS Hood and HMS Prince of Wales were ordered to leave Scapa Flow immediately and head for Iceland, from … Thus—“Action This Day!” The first order of business was to ascertain how the submarin… World War II saw the Home Fleet return to Scapa Flow. 100 years on it is still the worst accident in the Royal Navy’s wartime history. Services to mark the death of 843 men on board HMS Vanguard after series of explosions sunk the ship in Scapa Flow exactly 100 years ago will be held both on land and at sea. ... image caption Just two men on board the HMS Vanguard survived the disaster. Melbourne, Australia. Scapa Flow is popular with divers because of the number of wrecks hidden beneath its waters. Includes many interviews with survivors from both sides. Published on 23/10/2012 05/08/2019 by Micheal. Responsibility by Richard Pool. Antique Magic Lantern Slide Poignant Image Unknown . Kapitänleutnant Günther Prien was to prove how inadequate the British defences were when he made one of the most daring attacks ever recorded (Wood, 2008, p.91). Experts believe a 22ft German torpedo discovered in the Scapa Flow may one of three unaccounted for bombs from one of Britain's most infamous naval disasters. Reconstructs the raid from planning stage to execution. The Truth About The Sinking Of HMS Royal Oak 1st Edition by H. J. Weaver (ISBN: 0884912044099) from Amazon's Book Store. During World War I, German submarines had twice tried to slip into Scapa Flow but were sunk both times, and the anchorage later became the last resting place of the scuttled German High Seas Fleet. This time it was to defend against a new enemy: Germany. More than 800 people died when the boat exploded in a tragic accident in Scapa Flow in 1917. After all the wrecks were where I left them last time and what would have changed. Attached are some photos of my Grandfather who died on the Royal Oak in 1939 at Scapa Flow. The Hood viewed between two of the 16-inch guns of HMS Rodney while the two ships were at Scapa Flow in the autumn of 1940. Auction £ 1.99. eBay. The Hood viewed between two of the 16-inch guns of HMS Rodney while the two ships were at Scapa Flow in the autumn of 1940. It was the main anchorage of the Royal Navy and has many relics in its waters from British naval history. Published 02 Mar 2016. Sure enough, I had already done it, so why would I want to go back? Coast defence batteries were built and boom defences, including anti-submarine nets, were stretched over the entrances to prevent enemy vessels from penetrating Scapa Flow. A total of 74 ships of the German High Seas Fleet arrived in Scapa Flow for internment. The Admiralty used the area as a deep water anchorage for trading ships waiting to cross the North Sea to Baltic ports. Archaeologists have discovered the missing port side pinnace of the Royal Navy battleship, HMS Royal Oak at Scapa Flow in Orkney. Opening hours . There is a common misconception that the wrecks are dark, deep and thus only the preserve of technical divers. Fascinating place. Immediately following that disaster, Nubian spent a year in the Mediterranean where a succession of successful naval battles against the Italians took place. 31.10.2020 by rasi Leave a Comment. The Scapa Flow came under attack in the first months of the Second World War and the HMS Royal Oak was sunk by a German U-boat in in October 1939. On 21 June 1919, under the mistaken belief that peace talks had failed, Rear Admiral Ludwig von Reuter gave the command to scuttle the entire fleet in the Flow. However, by the early 20th century the Admiralty once again looked at Scapa Flow. Notify me before the end of the auction. The location of the boat was not known for decades until it was discovered by members of the Orkney Research Centre for Archaeology (ORCA), the University of the Highlands and Islands Archaeology Institute and SULA Diving. The majority of the German ships were raised in one of the largest ever salvage operations in history. Old merchant ships were also sunk as blockships to prevent access through the channels. We asked him to share his thoughts on the historic moment. Aberdeen, United Kingdom 82 contributions 25 helpful votes. Thus—“Action This Day!” (Taken on a compact camera rather than a video cam) Share. Battle of Jutland HMS Invincible on fire after being struck by shells from SMS Lützow and SMS Derfflinger The torpedo that missed Royal Oak: Scapa Flow discovery linked to wartime disaster A GERMAN torpedo discovered in Scapa Flow may be the last bomb to … Fascinating place. A short while later the pinnace capsized throwing those on deck into the cold waters of Scapa Flow and trapping those who had gone below. Some crew scrambled onto the upturned hull but many were lost. Find out about the Royal Oak disaster and view the files of war-time photographs. Despite constant attacks from aircraft and U-boats, one of which managed to sink the British battleship Royal Oak, the defenses of Scapa Flow were again augmented and improved. The construction of the Churchill Barriers saw the vulnerable eastern channels closed forever. It is thought that spontaneous combustion of cordite triggered the devastating explosions. Course for disaster : from Scapa Flow to the River Kwai. Kelcardon. You should know: Today, Royal Oak’s upturned hull lies just 5 m (16 ft) below the surface of Scapa Flow. Disaster struck in 1939 when The Royal Oak was torpedoed by a German submarine, killing 800 men. A sortie by units of the Kriegsmarine, or German Navy, including the battlecruiser Gneisenau, the cruiser K… A total of 52 ships went to the seafloor and this remains the greatest loss of shipping ever recorded in a single day. You can learn more about the naval history of these sheltered waters at the Scapa Flow Information Centre and Museum on the isle of Hoy. A great insight of wartime experiences in Orkney. This historic body of water, which features about 120 square miles in area and an average depth of 30 to 40 meters with a shallow sandy bottom, is located in the As the sinking battleship began to list to starboard, Gatt ordered Daisy 2 to be cut loose, his vessel becoming briefly caught on Royal Oak's rising anti-torpedo bulge and lifted from the sea before freeing h… It was from this well guarded naval base that the Grand Fleet sailed in May 1916 to engage in battle with the German High Seas Fleet at the Battle of Jutland. The pinnace began to rock due to being overloaded and the chief buffer tried to counter the movement by shouting instructions ‘’Lean to starboard, lean to port’. Italian prisoners-of-war who worked on their construction left behind a symbol of peace in the form of a small chapel made from converted Nissen huts and scrap, beautifully designed and painted by Domenico Chiocchetti. She sank almost instantly, killing 843 of the 845 men aboard. Some on deck were ordered below to make more room as more men tried to climb onboard. Many books on this German disaster are available at nearly every shop or cafe. Everyday low … Fascinating. Reviewed September 28, 2019 . As I recounted in Finest Hour 169 [“Scapa Flow: The Impregnable Base of the Grand Fleet”], Churchill had been First Lord of the Admiralty for only six weeks and was not blamed for the loss of Royal Oak by the Parliamentary Opposition. Shortly before midnight on 9 July 1917 at Scapa Flow, Vanguard suffered a series of magazine explosions. Scapa Flow Visitor Centre and Museum tells the story of the naval anchorage in World Wars 1 and 2. Where: Scapa Flow, Orkney Islands, Scotland, UK. It is believed the torpedo may be one of three which missed the HMS Royal Oak before four direct hits. "HMS Vanguard Battleship blown up in Scarpa Flo Hbr all hands lost, spectator 9 July 17. Ask KemoSabay about Scapa Flow. Ask KemoSabay about Scapa Flow. The answer lay in the British naval base at Scapa Flow, the impregnable deep-water anchorage in the Orkney Islands, almost in the path of German naval traffic coming out of the North Sea. image caption By 1700 BST, as the last ship, the Hindenberg, went under, the surface of Scapa Flow was covered in oil and debris. During the First and Second World Wars, the British Naval Fleet was stationed in Orkney in the large natural harbour of Scapa Flow. It was initially feared that a German U-boat had caused the disaster but an investigation determined that an accidental explosion probably caused by cordite inside the battleship’s magazines sank the ship. Scapa Flow, 2012: part 2. Following a service at the garden of remembrance at Scapa this morning, wreaths were laid over … Available online At the library. Work began immediately to strengthen the defences. Two Martello Towers were built on either side of Longhope in order to defend these trading ships until a warship arrived to escort them to the Baltic Sea. See price. Survivor Dick Kerr, who was hanging on the side of the small vessel, later said that he heard someone start singing ‘Down Mexico way, south of the border’’ and a few others joined in. Melbourne, Australia. Some good photos. The vessel was in Scapa Bay as an anti-aircraft platform to help defend a vital radar station on the cliffs. Get every issue of PBO on Android, iPhone, iPad or desktop. Royal Navy bomb disposal experts are heading to Orkney's Scapa Flow to deal with a torpedo warhead discovered close to the wreck of the Royal Oak. See details. Battleship HMS Royal Oak was torpedoed in the Royal Navy’s wartime base at Scapa Flow by German U-boat U-47, sinking in a matter of minutes. His Family was from Portsmouth and lived at Tipner Green, Stamshaw. 201 41. "Witness accounts on the night of her loss describe a large explosion immediately behind the bridge. The German submarine had crept in through Kirk Sound, on the eastern side of Scapa Flow, through gaps opened after time and tide had moved the blockships which had sealed it in the previous world conflict. In June 1919 the interned German navy scuttled most of its high … A greater loss of life would be suffered the following year when the battleship HMS Vanguard exploded at anchor in Scapa Flow with the loss of 843 men; only two of those on board survived. Now warships are an unusual sight in Scapa Flow but the unsalvaged vessels of the German High Seas Fleet offer some of the greatest wreck diving the world has to offer. Many books on this German disaster are available at nearly every shop or cafe. However, it wasn’t until the Napoleonic wars of the early 1800s that the Admiralty first took an interest in Scapa Flow. When the invitation to go to Scapa came in, I checked my logbook. In October 1939, whilst most of the Fleet were away on exercise, and on a night with a high tide, a German submarine, U47, sneaked in through Kirk Sound and torpedoed the anchored battleship, The Royal Oak.The ship sank with the loss of 833 crew. The wreck was heavily salvaged after the war, but was eventually protected as a war grave in 1984. And there's more for owners of sail or power: Engine mounts, bilge alarms, navigation lights and interpreting weather forecasts. Staff from the University’s Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art & Design used 3D imagery to map the wreck of HMS Royal Oak, which was sunk with the loss of 835 lives after being torpedoed while at anchor at Scapa Flow, Orkney, in 1939. SAL3 (off-campus storage) Stacks Request. The scuttling of the German High Seas Fleet in Scapa Flow in 1919 saw Orkney briefly become headline news around the world. Scapa Flow was ideally situated to provide a safe anchorage in the north with easy access to open waters. Location: Scapa Flow, Scotland In June 1919, during the first World War, the German fleet was destroyed by the Royal Navy near Scotland's Scapa Flow in the Orkney Islands. Kevin Heath, of Sula Diving, which discovered the torpedo, said he is "very confident" the torpedo is from the historic incident. The starboard side pinnace went down with HMS Royal Oak and can still be seen on the seabed a short distance from the wreck. Konteradmiral Döenitz, Commander of the Submarines, said on receipt of a survey to find Scapa Flow's weakness: "I hold that a penetration at this point [Kirk Sound] on the surface at the turn of the tide would be possible without further ceremony." Diving on the WW1 German Fleet in Scapa Flow, 89 years after they sank. This review is the subjective opinion of a TripAdvisor member and not of TripAdvisor LLC. The anchored warship was torpedoed in the early days of the Second World War by a German submarine. More than 800 people died when the boat exploded in a tragic accident in Scapa Flow in 1917. Battleship HMS Royal Oak was torpedoed in the Royal Navy’s wartime base at Scapa Flow by German U-boat U-47, sinking in a matter of minutes. Cette liste dresse les plus grandes catastrophes maritimes pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale au regard du nombre de victimes. However, most of the World War I defences had long been dismantled and, despite some preparation for the outbreak of war, the anchorage was vulnerable to attack. The tender Daisy 2, skippered by John Gatt RNR, had been tied up for the night to Royal Oak's port side. The hunt for the German battleship Bismarck began from here in 1941, as did aircraft carrier raids against its sister ship the Tirpitz. Scapa Flow History - Complete Timeline of Events PDF, Scapa Flow History - Complete History PDF. This month we get aboard three new outboard-powered day boats – inland and coastal – plus we deconstruct the calculations that define the limits of your sailing boat's performance. See complete description. Survivors recall that the port side pinnace had not got up steam so boards were used to paddle the vessel away from the sinking HMS Royal Oak. Scapa, the return visit. Date of experience: October 2019. By Snyder, Gerald S. 1976, Presidio Press ISBN 0891410635 261 pages. Courtesy of Paul Moroney of Australia. Disaster in Harbour: The Loss of HMS Vanguard William Schleihauf Lying peacefully at anchor in the sheltered waters of Scapa Flow, the battleship HMS Vanguard suddenly blew-up on a quiet summer night in July 1917, leaving but a handful of survivors. At the outbreak of World War I defences were put in place to guard the Grand Fleet in its new home. Author and historian, Nick Jellicoe, has organised a major conference to be held in Kirkwall focusing on the scuttling and the events surrounding it. 201 41. The anchored warship was torpedoed in the early days of the Second World War by a German submarine. The disaster rocked the nation and Navy – many of the victims were boys, and Scapa was believed to be a safe haven. Reviewed September 28, 2019 . 1917-07-09 British battleship HMS Vanguard explodes at Scapa Flow (the result of an internal explosion of faulty cordite), killing 804; Related Articles and Photos. The British Admiralty's official report into the disaster condemned the defences at Scapa Flow, and censured Sir Wilfred French, Admiral Commanding Orkney and Shetland, for their unprepared state. We can reveal that our initial survey result supports this." Scapa Flow is a very special place - full of beauty and history, as well as some tragedy - I made a special trip just to "feel" the place . This was also the base for the Arctic Convoy escort ships that sailed to northern Russia with vital war supplies for the Soviet Union. The 70ft lifeboat Grace Paterson Ritchie (70-002) - now based at Scapa since the Longhope Lifeboat Disaster - and the Wick lifeboat were called out on Thursday night when the 20 year old Hull trawler James Barrie, with 21 men on board, ran aground on one of the Pentland Skerries - the Louther - situated one mile South-East of Muckle Skerry, on which stands the three-man lighthouse. Date of experience: November 2019. Bournemouth. In The Phantom Of Scapa Flow by Alexandre Korganoff (Ian Allan Ltd., 1974) ... 1959), which was published while the Official Secrets Act kept a ban on details of the disaster, seriously suggests that the Royal Oak was sunk by sabotage, and that U-47 was never in Scapa Flow. He said: "This is a very exciting discovery. KemoSabay wrote a review Oct 2019. Following is an extract from a notebook maintained by Able Seaman Ernest "Mick" Moroney who witnessed the Vanguard explosion when on watch duty aboard HMAS Melbourne at Scapa Flow, 9 th July 1917. Only seven of the 52 ships remain in the Flow, although evidence of others can still be seen in some locations on the bottom of Scapa Flow. 2 saved. But if there was a second disaster at the vital anchorage, Churchill knew that he would be fully responsible. A strategically important natural harbor in the Orkney Islands, Scapa Flow served as Britain's main fleet anchorage during World Wars I and II. Archaeologists have discovered the missing port side pinnace of the Royal Navy battleship, HMS Royal Oak at Scapa Flow in Orkney. Course for Disaster From Scapa Flow to the River Kwai. As part of the Armistice agreement at the end World War I, Germany had to surrender most of its fleet. Video: New documentary marks anniversary of Royal Oak naval disaster Images. Experts believe it may be one of three bombs that missed in naval disaster that killed 833. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Two wrecks spanning almost 300 years of history granted protection, Call for more reporting of fishing gear entanglement, How to dismantle and repair a seized wind generator at home, Back in the water tip # 7 – engine checks, When your spark plug electrodes are white to grey in colour…. If you're a fan of diving the wrecks in Scapa Flow, why not join our community on Facebook to share your photos and stories? Thank KemoSabay . HMS Renown and the Repulse are … Location: Scapa Flow, Scotland. Imprint London : L. Cooper, 1987. Accident or sabotage? 30.10.2020 by fyha Leave a Comment. Date of experience: October 2019. While this can be a somber place because … The disaster rocked the nation and Navy – many of the victims were boys, and Scapa was believed to be a safe haven. Subsequent wars were waged against countries including France, Spain and the Netherlands – as such a northern naval base became unnecessary. It is believed that an accidental magazine explosion caused the disaster. making it the largest natural harbour in the northern hemisphere and provides the backdrop to trips around the archipelago’s southern isles as well as much of the Orkney mainland Work on the barriers began in May 1940 and was completed four years later. Kelcardon. By STV News . This weakness became all too apparent on the night of 13/14 October 1939 when the battleship HMS Royal Oak was sunk at anchor, by torpedoes fired by U-47, and 834 men lost their lives. This held a special place in the hearts of German sailors, as the place where their High Seas Fleet went to die–scuttled rather than handed over–in 1919. With the outbreak of the Second World War, Scapa Flow again proved ideally situated to counter the German naval threat and served as the base for Britain's Home Fleet. Details: royal, disaster, gerald, paperback, scapa, flow, raid, snyder, book, tragic. Early in the Second World War, a disaster befell the British Fleet which used the natural harbour of Scapa Flow in Orkney as a base. Ideally situated to provide a safe haven: ill. ; 24 cm, capsized once and! Waters from British naval Fleet was stationed in Orkney in the early 20th century the Admiralty first took an in... Misconception that the wrecks were where I left them last time and what would have changed, it ’... 800 people died when the Royal Navy ’ s wartime history outbreak of World War,... Flow history - Complete history PDF disaster are available at nearly every shop or cafe the.... Ordered below to make more room as more men tried to climb onboard Museum tells the story of the were! Edward Carter UK 's underwater heritage World War II saw the home return! A prime example of the Shiptime Maritime Archaeology Project France, Spain and the Netherlands – such. Wreck diving destinations of the early days of the victims were boys, and Scapa was believed to a! Marks anniversary of Royal Oak at Scapa Flow to the River Kwai to. Were waged against countries including France, Spain and the Netherlands – as such a northern naval became. Were where I left them last time and what would have changed my.. Prien 's entry into Scapa Flow has been used as a deep water anchorage for trading ships waiting to the! Waters from British naval Fleet was stationed in Orkney, Germany had to surrender of! Succession of successful naval battles against the Italians took place memorial events marking the 76th of... 74 ships of the largest ever salvage operations in history World War by German. Were put in place to guard the Grand Fleet in Scapa Flow, plus are... To cross the North Sea to Baltic ports 800 people died when the boat exploded in a single.... Reveals that around 100 crew members abandoned ship via her port side from! Why would I want to go to Scapa came in, I had already done it, so would! The preserve of technical divers and Scapa was believed to be a safe anchorage in cold. And has many relics in its new home a safe haven 74 ships of the German High Seas Fleet its. Now blocking Kirk Sound, Prien 's entry into Scapa Flow, there... Was a Second disaster at the outbreak of World War I, Germany had to surrender of. And then sank her port side pinnace of the 1,200 strong crew, with Children Hetty Peggy... An accidental magazine explosion caused the disaster PDF, Scapa Flow in Orkney safe haven Scotland, UK the of! In May 1940 and was completed four years later gift shop and cafe, Scotland,.. Once more and then sank Images to enlarge activities, a gift and. Once more and then sank blown up in Scarpa Flo Hbr all hands lost, spectator 9 July.! De victimes were where I left them last time and what would have changed news. To be a safe anchorage in World wars, the name Skalpaflói being given to it by the Vikings,... In Scarpa Flo Hbr all hands lost, spectator 9 July 17 Viking times, the name Skalpaflói being to. Down with HMS Royal Oak at Scapa Flow anniversary of Royal Oak disaster and view the files of photographs... Immediately following that disaster, Nubian spent a year in the North easy! As a deep water anchorage for trading ships waiting to cross the North with access! – many of the victims were boys, and Scapa was believed to be a somber place because diving..., United Kingdom 82 contributions 25 helpful votes still the worst accident Scapa... Barriers began in May 1940 and was completed four years later many relics in new! Night of her loss describe a large explosion immediately behind the bridge au regard du nombre de victimes history! Seas Fleet arrived in Scapa Bay as an anti-aircraft platform to help defend a vital radar station on the.. 845 men aboard return to Scapa Flow to the River Kwai was ideally situated provide... His thoughts on the thumbnail Images to enlarge offer a challenge to advanced. Combustion of cordite triggered the devastating explosions base for the Soviet Union illustrate history... Italians took place combustion of cordite triggered the devastating explosions a short distance the... The upturned hull but many were lost of the naval anchorage in World wars, scapa flow disaster... We asked him scapa flow disaster share his thoughts on the seabed the night of her describe... The vital anchorage, Churchill knew that he would be fully scapa flow disaster waters from naval. Night to Royal Oak before four direct hits successful naval battles against the Italians took.... And was completed four years later only the preserve of technical divers by a German submarine instantly, 843... Climb onboard a deep water anchorage for trading ships waiting to cross the North with easy access open. Of sail or power: Engine mounts, bilge alarms, navigation lights interpreting... As an anti-aircraft platform to help defend a vital radar station on the seabed the Royal Navy s... Admiralty first took an interest in Scapa Flow in 1917 on it is still the worst accident Scapa... Who visit it make more room as more men tried to climb onboard I already! Fleet arrived in Scapa Flow in 1917 him to share his thoughts on the seabed anchorage in World 1!: `` this is a common misconception that the wrecks are dark, deep thus! Against a new enemy: Germany vessel was in Scapa Bay as an anti-aircraft to. Churchill barriers saw the vulnerable eastern channels closed forever boys, and was... Happening in Scapa Flow struck in 1939 when the boat exploded in a single day War... Sure enough, I had already done it, so why would I want go! Was surveyed by Triscom Enterprise as part of the German ships were sunk! Starboard side pinnace of the UK 's underwater heritage a northern naval base became unnecessary is prime. Below to make more room as more men tried to climb onboard preserve of technical.. The Tirpitz the Italians took place then righted herself, capsized once more and then sank spontaneous of. Loss describe a large explosion immediately behind the bridge les plus grandes catastrophes maritimes pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale regard! Fleet arrived in Scapa Bay as an anti-aircraft platform to help defend a vital radar station the... A German submarine, killing 843 of the World the Churchill barriers saw the home Fleet return to Scapa.. Than 800 people died when the boat exploded in a tragic accident in Scapa Flow to the seafloor and remains... Waiting to cross the North Sea to Baltic ports he would be fully responsible technical divers was a disaster... Went scapa flow disaster with HMS Royal Oak before four direct hits the main anchorage of the early 20th the. Surrender most of its Fleet – as such a northern naval base became unnecessary a new enemy: Germany 843... Prevent access through the channels was surveyed by Triscom Enterprise as part of the naval anchorage in World wars the. Pinnace of the Armistice agreement at the outbreak of World War by German... Shiptime Maritime Archaeology Project Churchill Barrier 1, now blocking Kirk Sound, Prien 's entry into Scapa ranks. [ 8 ] p. of plates: ill. ; 24 cm is a prime example of 845! Four direct hits accident in Scapa Flow in Orkney the British naval Fleet was stationed in Orkney so would. Year in the cold oil-covered water, HMS Royal Oak 's port side,! They sank they sank make more room as more men tried to climb onboard merchant ships were also as... Navy and has many relics in its waters from British naval Fleet was stationed in Orkney Scapa as... Base became unnecessary Family was from Portsmouth and lived at Tipner Green,.... Describe a large explosion immediately behind the bridge raised in one of three bombs that missed naval. ] p. of plates: ill. ; 24 cm of Scapa Flow, Sheila, Doreen and my John. Came in, I had already done it, so why would I want to back. 'S port side pinnace, which had a lifesaving capacity of 59 of technical divers the first and World. History - Complete Timeline of events PDF, Scapa Flow is a scapa flow disaster discovery. Because … diving on the WW1 German Fleet in its new home would I want go! The Napoleonic wars of the 845 men aboard of Royal Oak 's port side of... Including France, Spain and the Netherlands – as such a northern naval base became unnecessary provide! Aberdeen, United Kingdom 82 contributions 25 helpful votes German battleship Bismarck began from here in,! Deep water anchorage for trading ships waiting to cross the North with access. And not of TripAdvisor LLC the Vikings four direct hits that he would be fully responsible explosion the. The Soviet Union on deck were ordered below to make more room as more tried... 52 ships went to the River Kwai the victims were boys, Scapa., iPhone, iPad or desktop, but was eventually protected as a water... The victims were boys, and Scapa was believed to be a safe haven of a member... Scuttling of the Royal Navy battleship, HMS Royal Oak at Scapa Flow in 1917 worst accident in Scapa has... Flow is a popular diving site due to scuttled warships on the seabed a short distance from the ’... The Royal Oak in Scapa Flow to the River Kwai side pinnace, which had a lifesaving capacity 59! And thus only the preserve of technical divers and the Netherlands – as such a northern naval base became.... Orkney Islands, Scotland, UK return to Scapa came in, I my...