Sorting Polygonum names. They have a membranous ochrea (a sheath around the stem nodes). 18, … Polygonum species are occasionally eaten by humans, and are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see list. Haraldson – tuber fleeceflower. General Information Polygonum multiflorum is a Perennial Climber up to 4.50 metres tall. [12] The species Polygonum cognatum, known locally as "madimak",[13][14] is regularly consumed in central parts of Turkey. Herb: Knotweed Latin name: Polygonum aviculare Synonyms: Polygonum heterophyllum, Polygonum littorale Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family) Medicinal use of Knotweed: Knotweed is a safe and effective astringent and diuretic herb that is used mainly in the treatment of complaints such as dysentery and haemorrhoids. P. multiflorum and its extracts should be considered hepatotoxic; however, the plant is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurvedic medicine for its rejuvenating and toning properties, to increase liver and kidney function, for treatment of cognitive disorders and dyslipidemia, and to cleanse the blood. Polygonum multiflorum var. The plant has red stems, heart-shaped leaves, and white or pink flowers. There are no clinical data regarding the use of P. multiflorum in cancer. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. Protective effect of Polygonum multiflorum Thunb on amyloid beta-peptide 25-35 induced cognitive deficits in mice. [1] There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. Taxonomic Serial No. In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400–1425), it was known as ars-smerte. There have been various opinions about how broadly the genus should be defined. Other reviews suggest an idiopathic nature to the toxicity, with more than 400 cases reported. Scientific Name(s): Polygonum multiflorum Thunb.Common Name(s): Chinese cornbind, Climbing knotweed, Flowery knotweed, Fo-ti, Heshouwu, Radix Polygoni multiflori, Tuber fleeceflower. A standard dose in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia is 3 to 12 g/day. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). The processed (cured) root of the plant is used to make medicine. P. multiflorum is used at daily doses of 9 to 15 g of raw herb, but clinical studies are lacking. Radix Polygoni multiflori or he shou wu is a popular Chinese tonic herb, whose usage dates back to 713 AD.2 Fo-ti appears to be a name given to the preparation for use in areas where Chinese is not the primary language.4 It is considered one of the country's great 4 herbal tonics, along with angelica, lycium, and panax, and is used to increase liver and kidney function and to cleanse the blood.3 The plant is also prescribed for symptoms of premature aging, such as gray hair, and is commonly found in hair care pro… Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Available for Android and iOS devices. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. [3][4] However, long before Linnaeus, the name was used in Greek and Latin for a plant used medically. This is especially helpful to older people. Planta Med 2010;76(9):889-92. * You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. Contains some soy. Fo-Ti is believed to als… Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. The flowers are slightly necked, pendent, tubular, white, with green tips, hanging from the undersides of the stems. This root has been cured in a soy bean solution during processing. Net Weight :250g. Former genera such as Polygonella have been subsumed into Polygonum; other genera have been split off. When the genus is defined narrowly, Polygonum species are annual or perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubby, with much branched stems. For example, buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) has sometimes been included in the genus as Polygonum fagopyrum. Purported antiaging effects mostly rely on in vitro studies of antioxidant and neuroprotective effects.5, Topical application of P. multiflorum has to induced follicular keratinocyte proliferation in mice.19, 20 The inhibition of tyrosinase activity in mice melanocytes has also been demonstrated,21 and compounds isolated from P. multiflorum roots induced a greater proliferation of dermal papilla cells than minoxidil in an in vitro study.22. hypoleucum, syn. In Traditional Chinese Medicine, fleeceflower root is prepared by cleaning, slicing and drying and then steaming it in black soybean juice. The leaves are arranged alternately, usually less than 2 cm (0.8 in) long, with a length greater than the width. J Ethnopharmacol 2006;104:144-8. 10.1 Other Names: 11 Historical Use of Polygonum multiflorum. 1 Fleeceflower root is widely produced across China, including in the Henan, Hubei, Guizhou, provinces. Common name(s): Solomon’s Seal, David’s Harp, Ladder-to-Heaven Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Asparagaceae, Nolinoideae subfamily Origin: Asia (Caucasus, Nepal, Turkey), Europe More infos: A variegated cultivar is available. There are usually four to six stamens and three (rarely two) styles. Molecular phylogenetic studies, particularly in the 21st century, have led to major changes. Botanical Name: Polygonum multiflorum. by Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon. Embryonic toxicity has been reported. The plant may also be nephro-, neuro-, and embryotoxic. 1,2,3 The idea of such use was also known to Shakespeare, as Beatrice K. Otto pointed out, quoting A Midsummer Night's Dream:[15]. Lin HW, Sun MX, Wang YH, et al. Fo-Ti is widely used to strengthen the lower back and knees. As a Chinese herb, it was recorded most early in “Kaibao Bencao” published by the imperial court of the Song Dynasty (973-974 A.D.) [1 1. This is only a brief summary of general information about this product. Reynoutria multiflorum var. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. Some synonyms are listed below.[10]. The Plants Database includes the following 83 species of Polygonum . A number of species that had been included in Polygonum have been moved into several other genera, including Bistorta, Fagopyrum, Fallopia, Koenigia, Persicaria and Reynoutria. In the Middle English glossary of herbs Alphita (c. 1400-1425), it was known as ars-smerte. The species are very diverse, ranging from prostrate herbaceous annual plants to erect herbaceous perennial plants. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. Polygonum hydropiper is a ANNUAL growing to 0.8 m (2ft 7in). In The Man Who Laughs Victor Hugo wrote of the Comprachicos (child-buyers) who created artificial dwarfs, formed "by anointing babies' spines with the grease of bats, moles and dormice" and using drugs such as "dwarf elder, knotgrass, and daisy juice". This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. Emodin has demonstrated inhibitory effects on vasodilation in isolated rat aortas.25 Tetrahydroxystilbene glucoside has been shown to exert a number of actions, including prevention of reperfusion injury in human umbilical endothelial cells,26 prevention of oxidized low-density, lipoprotein-induced endothelial dysfunction,27 reduction of vascular smooth muscle cell production in response to cellular injury,28and antiplatelet activity in response to collagen-induced aggregation.29. It is important to fully inform your doctor about the herbal, vitamins, mineral or any other supplements you are taking before any kind of surgery or medical procedure. It is in flower from July to September. Directions: To use as a tea, pour 1 cup boiling water over 1 tsp. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Polygonum L. – knotweed Species: Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. Common names include knotweed and knotgrass (though the common names may refer more broadly to plants from Polygonaceae). (He Shou Wu in Chinese pinyin, hereinafter referred to as HSW) is the root ofPolygonum multiflorum, a member of Polygonaceae. Polygonum multiflorum Thunb. The roots are the main plant part of interest and are harvested and dried in autumn when they are 3 to 4 years of age, but the stems and leaves are also used. Polygonum bohemicum — ID 66299 Symbol Key POBO10 Common Name Bohemian knotweed Family Polygonaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Cultivated, or not in the U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution N/A Growth Habit N/A … Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Hepatotoxicity has been documented.50, 51, 52 GI symptoms, including diarrhea, may be due to consuming raw or improperly processed fo-ti.4, Data collected between 2004 and 2013 among 8 US centers in the Drug-induced Liver Injury Network revealed 15.5% (130) of hepatotoxicity cases was caused by herbals and dietary supplements whereas 85% (709) were related to medications. .mw-parser-output table.clade{border-spacing:0;margin:0;font-size:100%;line-height:100%;border-collapse:separate;width:auto}.mw-parser-output table.clade table.clade{width:100%;line-height:inherit}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label{width:0.7em;padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:bottom;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;border-bottom:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width{overflow:hidden;text-overflow:ellipsis}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-fixed-width:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.first{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-label.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel{padding:0 0.15em;vertical-align:top;text-align:center;border-left:1px solid;white-space:nowrap}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel:hover{overflow:visible}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.last{border-left:none;border-right:none}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-slabel.reverse{border-left:none;border-right:1px solid}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar{vertical-align:middle;text-align:left;padding:0 0.5em;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-bar.reverse{text-align:right;position:relative}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf{border:0;padding:0;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leafR{border:0;padding:0;text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade td.clade-leaf.reverse{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkA{background-color:yellow}.mw-parser-output table.clade:hover span.linkB{background-color:green}, Polygonum ciliinode (syn. 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