Coinciding with its completion, Burma’s first railway line opened in 1877 and connected Yangon with Pyay (Prome); a distance of 250 kilometres. [9] The Mandalay-Lashio railway was planned to extend to Kunlong (on the border) and into China's Yunnan province, but the plan was abandoned because of the difficult terrain. The name Burma Railways Corporation was changed to Myanma Railways on 1st April, 1989. The first railway opened in Myanmar in 1877, between the Second and Third Anglo-Burmese Wars. This Railway Board continued to function until the 31st of December 1947. [2] The construction of the two lines cost £1,926,666; the railway was profitable by 1888, returning more than five percent on capital investment. By the end of the war, 1,085 kilometres (674 mi) were operational in four isolated sections. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay Railway Project is a major exit of China and it is also the project linking with Myanmar. first appeared on Ministry Of Rail Transportation. But in 1896, Irrawaddy State Railway gave way to Burma Railways Co. Ltd. Operating on a commercial basis and when the company's lease was ended on the 31st of December 1928, Burma Railways was placed under the Indian Railway Board. [1]:26 With the annexation of Upper Burma, the railway was extended by 220 miles (350 km) from Toungoo to Mandalay (the fallen capital of the Ava kingdom) in 1889. Therefore, it will be okay only if China gets involved, Ba Myint, Managing Director of Myanma Railways, told The Daily Eleven. The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on the 1st of May 1877,by the Ir-rawaddy State Railway. The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on the 1st of May 1877, by the Irrawaddy State Railway. Rail transport in Myanmar (then Burma) began in 1877. Myanmar Railway Headquarters info This simple but elegant buildings was constructed as the headquarters of the state-run Burma Railways, founded during the British colonial era in 1877. In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, opened a 166-mile (267 km) line along the Sittaung River from Yangon to the town of Taungoo via Bago. Three private rail companies were nationalised nineteen years later. The 5,403-kilometre (3,357 mi) metre gauge rail network consists of 858 stations, and generally spans north to south with branch lines to east and west. The first railway line, running from Yangon to Pyay (Prome) and built in 1877, followed the Irrawaddy valley. Yangon Circular Railway serves the larger Yangon metropolitan area. Rail transport in Myanmar (then Burma) began in 1877. 41.63%. Subsequent development was to the same (hereinafter referred to as " MR "). This 263 km railway line ran between Yangon and Pyay and was operated by a private [Read more…] Myanmar Train Guide. But in 1896, Irrawaddy State Railway gave way to Burma Railways Co. Ltd. On the 1st of December 1951, the Union of Burma Railway Board Act was enacted under which a full-time permanent Chairman was appointed, who was also to be the Chief Executive Officer. In the last few years the railway branch lines have been extended north towards Bagan. After the First World War, a line was built between Moulmein and Ye at the northern end of the Mergui Archipelago. The Irrawaddy line was considered commercially important because it could transport rice from the valley to the main port at Rangoon, and the Sittang line was strategically important because of Toungoo's proximity to the border with Upper Burma (then part of the Ava kingdom). Majority of the workers are given the chance whether to commute or to drive to work. The building was designed in the British Victorian style and the access roads were bordered by grassy lawns. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it was built to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 ⁄8 in) metre gauge. Due to … The project also aims to preserve the heritage of the Yangon Central railway station, which was first built in 1877. [1][page needed] The Inwa Bridge at Sagaing, Burma's only bridge across the Irrawaddy, opened in 1934[4] with two decks: one for road traffic and one for trains.[5]. The Yangon Central Railway Station, which will take at least eight years to complete, is expected to link the south of Yangon to the downtown business district and promote more extensive trade and economic growth across Yangon. This 263 km railway line ran between Yangon and Pyay and was operated by a private company, The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway Company. [10] Its construction is depicted in the film, The Bridge on the River Kwai. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 when Lower Burma was a British colony with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Pyay line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway. The station was located on the southern side of the railway compound on the upper block of Phayre Street (now Pansodan Street) in the downtown area. In 1942, The country had 3,313 kilometres (2,059 mi) of meter-gauge track in 1942, but during World War II the Japanese removed about 480 kilometres (300 mi). Closing Date 31 October 2017. In 1884 the Sittang Valley State Railway, a new company, opened a 166-mile (267 km) line along the Sittang River from Rangoon to Toungoo via Pegu. Pyay is situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwady River on a lovely location. Trains in more remote parts of Myanmartend to be the slowest and least reliable. Myanmar Railways has expanded its network somewhat since 1988. [7][8] The track rises in a continuous 1:40 gradient, and the viaduct (designed by Alexander Rendel & Sons and built by the Pennsylvania Steel Company) was considered an engineering marvel at the time. 16.96%. Each train route also has a designated two- or three-digit number. The first railway in Myanmar was opened in 1877. When the Japanese occupied Thailand and Burma, they decided to build a railway connecting their Southeast Asian territories with Burma (partly to facilitate the movement of troops and supplies for their planned invasion of India). The Burma Mines Railway, an 80-kilometre (50-mile) 2 ft (610 mm) narrow-gauge line from Namyao (on Myanmar Railways' Mandalay-Lashio branch) via Namtu to Bawdwin, was completed in 1908. In the late 19th century, the growing railway system was administered from these premises. [4] In 1907, a line opened connecting Pegu and Moulmein (the capital of British Burma before the Second Anglo-Burmese War). Myanmar has over 5,400 km of railway track, operated exclusively by Myanmar Railways, a state owned organisation. The first railway line in Myanmar was built by the British in 1877 from Yangon to Pyay (then known as Prome), 259km to the northwest, on the banks of the Irrawaddy River. The Yangon-Pyay line is Myanmar’s first rail line, dating 1877. In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, … The 163-mile (262 km) line, following the Irrawaddy River, was built over a three-year period with labour imported from India (particularly the areas affected by the Bihar famine of 1873–74). Since Yunnan was in Chinese hands under Chiang Kai-shek, they looked for a southern route to Burma from Thailand and settled on a line from Ban Pong to Thanbyuzayat across the mountains separating the two countries. This began an upsurge in construction and track-doubling, and Myanmar Railways operated 11 divisions over 5,068 kilometres (3,149 mi) of track by 2000. The line ran to Martaban, on the Gulf of Martaban at the mouth of the Salween River, and passengers had to take a ferry to Moulmein. The company's coal and rolling stock were imported from India or Britain. Myanmar Railways has expanded its network somewhat since 1988. The line was not extended to Mandalay; instead, after 1886 a new railway from Yangon up the Sittang valley was constructed, meeting the Irrawaddy at Mandalay. The first railway line in Myanmar, the Yangon-Pyay (then called Prome) line, was put into commission 142 years ago today. Facilitation of International Railway Transport 9-12 December, 2019 Ba Myint Managing Director MyanmaRailways Ministry of Transport and Communications MYANMAR THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS MYANMA RAILWAYS Rail Infrastructure Development Plan and It is a city halfway between Yangon and Bagan. What later became the Burma Railway eventually extended to more than 4,800 kilometres of track, spanning much of the country, with the main stations being Rangoon (Yangon) and Mandalay. Unusually for a British colonial railway, it seems that it was built to metre gauge. [6] Between 1898 and 1905, another 278 miles (447 km) of railway was built. Yangon Central railway station was first built in 1877 by the British to support Burma's first railway line, from Yangon to Pyay. The Japanese built the lines with Allied prisoners of war, and an estimated 15,000 POWs and 150,000 others died during the construction of the 245-mile (394 km) railway—about 675 deaths per mile. Similarly the Yangon Circular Railway was built during the colonial times dated back in 1954. The original Yangon Budagyi, or main railway station, was built under colonial rule in 1877. On the 4th of January 1948, Myanmar gained independence, and a new Railway Board was instituted with Financial Commissioner, Lands and Rural Development, as Chairman. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_rail_transport_in_Myanmar&oldid=990992841, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Chaung-U-Tawkyaungyi (23.4 km), part of the 406.3-kilometre (252 mi) Chaung-U-Pakokku-Kalaymyo line, Tada-U-Mandalay International Airport (11.8 km), Namsang-Moe-Ne (44.3 km), the first section of the eastern extension of the Thazi-Shwenyaung line, Tavoy-Yephu (17.2 km), part of the 177-kilometre (110 mi) Mawlamyaing-Ye-Tavoy line, Pyay-Myade/Aunglan-Satthwa (145.4 km), an alternative line to Bagan, Kaloggyi-Yephu (141.6 km), part of the 177-kilometre (110 mi) Mawlamyaing-Ye-Dawei line, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 18:08. Myanmar Railway Map . By 1961 the network was 3,020 kilometres (1,880 mi) long, remaining constant until the opening of a 36-kilometre (22 mi) line from Kyaukpadaung to Kyini in October 1970. Myanmar and India were separated in 1937 and the Government of Myanmar formed the Burma Railway Board to look after the affairs of the Myanmar Railways. Myanmar Railway Invitation for Bid. Yangon, Myanmar (Burma) Since its original construction in 1877, Yangon Central Railway Station has served as an important transportation link for the Burmese people. Early train travel in Myanmar Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 when Lower Burma was a British colony with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Pyay line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway.In 1884, a new company, The Sittang Valley State Railway, opened a 166-mile (267 km) line along the Sittaung River from Yangon to the town of Taungoo via Bago. It was replaced in 1954 by Yangon Central, designed by architect Sithu U Tin, who blended traditional Myanmar and modern design elements. Several trains run daily from Yangon on the first railway line built in Myanmar in 1877. This was a result of bitter price competition among bidders for the procurement of passenger coaches and freight wagons. In 1896, before the completion of the line to Myitkyina, the rail companies were combined into the publicly owned Burma Railway Company. At the opening ceremony, the first train pulled by a steam locomotive No. Three private rail companies were nationalised nineteen years later. Audience Overlap Similar sites that share the same visitors and search keywords with this site. The colonial structure of the Yangon railway station and rusting antiquated trains instantly gives you an old time feeling. Rail transport was introduced in Burma in May 1877 (when Lower Burma was a colony of the United Kingdom and part of British India) with the opening of the Rangoon-to-Prome line by the Irrawaddy Valley State Railway. Our Mission & Objectives - Developing strategies and initiatives to improve business performance and increase rail transport investment, To promote services, create awareness among to the society especially in safety and strengthen cooperation among ASEAN countries, The State Law and Order Restoration Council took over state power on 18th September 1988 and following the change of the Socialist Republic of the Union of Burma to the Union of Myanmar. Rail transport was introduced in Burma in May 1877 (when Lower Burma was a colony of the United Kingdom and part of British India) with the opening of the Rangoon -to … 1.04%. Ganna G. train #120 Sleeper, Myanmar Railways, Feb 14, 2020. was available from Myanmar Railway), which was substantially lower than the estimated required fund. Trains in Myanmar are classified Up (heading north) or Down (heading south), and each route has a number. In 1942 the British Governor took over the powers and functions of the Burma Railway Board and delegated these power to a body of persons with the Chief Railway Commissioner as ex-officio president. The railway opened in 1877 when Myanmar, then known as Burma, was a colony of Britain. Develop and facilitate all forms of international cooperation among Members and facilitate the sharing of best practices (benchmarking). History of Myanmar Railways The first railway in Myanmar was opened in 1877. During the Japanese occupation of Burma, Allied prisoners of war were forced to build the Burma Railway. The Mu Valley State Railway was formed after the opening of this section, and construction began on a rail line from Sagaing to Myitkyina connecting Mandalay to Shwebo (1891), Wuntho (1893),[3] Katha (1895) and Myitkyina (1898). With return on capital declining, Burma Railways became the country's single largest debt item when the financial separation of India and Burma took place in 1937. British companies examined the possibility of building a railway from Rangoon to Yunnan to link with a second line from Bangkok to Yunnan, but were unable to obtain financial backing.[10]. Since Thanbyuzayat was on the Moulmein-Ye railway line and Ban Pong connected to Bangkok via Kanchanaburi, the line would provide a direct connection (with a ferry from Moulmein to Martaban) between Bangkok and Rangoon. Muse-Lashio-Mandalay is the second longest railroad section after Yangon-Mandalay in Myanmar. From Mandalay it crossed the river and, avoiding the Irrawaddy valley, went up the The Union of Burma Railway was again reorganized in 1972 and the power and the functions of the Union of the Burma Railway Board were entrusted into the hands of the management committee with the Managing Director who also was to be the Chief Executives as Chairman and the name, Union of Burma Railways was changed to the Burma Railways Corporation. During the postwar era, the rail network was rebuilt. Burma's last major rail line, from Thazi on the Rangoon-Mandalay line to Kalaw (a hill station in the southern Shan State) was built between 1914 and 1918. [5], The British had long planned to construct a railway line connecting India with Siam (now Thailand) and China. [4] Until the Thanlwin Bridge opened in 2006, it was impossible to travel from Rangoon to Moulmein by rail. The name Burma Railways Corporation was changed to Myanma Railways on 1st April, 1989. Upper class has very confortable seats. So nice experience to travel slowly through Myanmar, and share this moment with burmese families, monks, and all those who pick up the train to sell some food etc. Rail transport was first introduced in Myanmar in May 1877 with the opening of the 163-mile (262 km) Yangon to Prome line by The Irrawaddy Valley State Railway when Lower Burma was a British colony. Report this profile About ... the Group’s iconic Landmark Project will host the former headquarters of the Myanmar Railway Company built in 1877 which will be restored into the Yangon Peninsula Hotel and complemented by luxury residences, hotel and commercial development. A.O1 left Yangon Central Railway Station at 6 a.m. and headed to Insein Railway Station, carrying Commissioner Augustus Rivers Thompson and a number of distinguished guests. Join to Connect Yoma Land Real Estate Developer. 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