Webster.Brunonia 6(2): 192–193. Synthetic hybrid referred to as Digitaria × umfolozi, between PI 299892 (originally classified as Digitaria setivalva) as the female parent, and PI 299850 (originally classified as Digitaria valida) as the male. Cap. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. The most serious disease of D. eriantha is pangola stunt virus (PSV), a dwarfing disease which has seriously reduced the usefulness of the grass. Individuals can grow to 0.61 m. The brown, digitate inflorescences are the trade mark of this specie. Stolons are established to control soil erosion or good ground cover for soil conservation. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. It remains palatable until late in the winter and is often utilised as standing hay. Seeds are small, and have a seed count of 3.3 million seeds/kg. Familia: Poaceae Subfamilia: Panicoideae Tribus: Paniceae Subtribus: Anthephorinae Genus: Digitaria Species: Digitaria eriantha Name []. Digit grass is native to Africa, in countries such as Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Namibia and Swaziland. Digitaria eriantha Steud. Common in disturbed areas and abandoned cultivations. stolonifera (Stapf) Kok, Digitaria eriantha Steud. The sufficient amount of nitrogen fertilizer is estimated at between 100 and 300 kg/ha N.[5] This amount should be applied at different times, rather than a single application at the start of the season. Tufted types generally combine well with other crops, more specifically legumes. Digitaria eriantha can tolerate quite wet conditions. Practical information: tips and solutions. D. milanjiana is mostly found on lighter soils (sands, sandy loam, loams and clay loams) rarely on heavy black clays (vertisols). pasto pangola in Spanish woolly finger grass in English https://bie.ala.org.au/species/http://id.biodiversity.org.au/node/apni/2899120 Accessed 06 Feb 2020. A cultivar of Milanje finger grass (D. setivalva), formally denoted as 'Mardi' in Malaysia, is used for its high production in wet tropics. Common Finger Grass. National Assessment: Red List of South African plants version 2017.1. The leaf sheaths are hairless (glabrous) or sparsely covered with tuberculose hairs. Plant Type: Grass. It remains palatable until late in the winter and is often utilised as standing hay. Digit grass is also quite tolerant of flooding and waterlogging. TYPE: SOUTH AFRICA: Digitaria glauca Digitaria glauca Stent, Bothalia 3: 151. stolonifera (Stapf) Kok, Bothalia 13: 457 (1981), no basionym ref. Weeds of Australia, Queensland Government fact sheet: Digitaria eriantha subsp. Digitaria. Although it is reported as invasive in few countries, it is not considered a serious threat where it is naturalized. "Digitaria eriantha Steudel" FAO. Digitaria eriantha subsp. Leaves with sheath often ± villous; ligule 2–5 mm long; blade mostly 2–5 mm wide, but can be > 10 mm wide. Identification guide to southern African grasses. It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. Functions. Ligule a fringed membrane 2-4 mm long. Common name: Language: Location: PIER bibliographic reference: Comments: common finger grass English ? [5] D. eriantha can also be used to suppress weeds. Digitaria eriantha ssp. Tikam, K., Phatsara, C., Mikled, C. et al. 1930, non A. Camus 1927. Its greenish seed-heads consist of 3–10, fine branches arranged along a short section of stem, less than 50 mm long. Once established, seedlings can grow vigorously on clay soils. U.S. Dept. Digitaria is derived from digitus, the Latin word for ‘finger’, referring to the long, finger-like inflorescences produced by the grasses. var. http://plants.usda.gov. Infraspecies recognized by EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. [8], Most D. eriantha yields are affected by slopes, where the direction of bulldozing affected the yield size. The name is derived from the Latin digitum = finger and aira referring to the shape of the flower. It can withstand very heavy grazing and grows quite quickly. [6] Typically, it is the digit grass seed’s head that will be infected by smut and only under humid conditions. Wildflower Nursery, Indigenous Plant Database: Digitaria eriantha. pentzii (Stent) Kok Synonym according to EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 and EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1 Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Common name(s) Pangola Grass. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Digitaria eriantha is a perennial grass. When it seeds it attracts a multitude of small birds. It attract birds. Introduced in Western Asia, Himalayas, Malesia, USA (western), Mexico, Central America, Caribbean, South America (northwest, eastern Brazil to Argentina), Australia (Queensland) Today it is distributed in many humid subtropical and tropical areas. "Digitaria eriantha" Tropical Forages, Retrieved 2013-11-14. subsp. Digitaria eriantha Steud. It can be sown into veld having poor composition or having bare patches, since the grass is palatable. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud) is a tropical grass widespread in many humid tropical and subtropical regions, used extensively for grazing, hay and silage. subsp. It is a very variable grass with many forms, very closely related to and intergrading with D. natalensis, D. milanjiana and D. seriata. Frost affects the grasses ability to regrow after frosting.[5]. Accessed on 2020/06/03. Stoloniferous types establish more readily than tufted ones. The right time to cut the inflorescence is when the seedhead colour changes from bluish purple to a grey and the lower seeds on the inflorescence have started dropping. Morphology. Common names Pangolagras in German capim-pangola in Portuguese common finger grass in English digit grass in English digitaria in French pangola in Spanish pangola grass in English pangolagrass in language. [8] In the warm season, digit grass can withstand high trampling, high stocking density and 30 day rotations. 2015. pentzii. This grass thrives in warm, moist environments, where it will generally grow very quickly. [6] There have been some genotypes that have demonstrated some resistance to this disease. Common Name(s): crabgrass : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Taxonomic Hierarchy Kingdom: Plantae – plantes, Planta, Vegetal, plants ... Digitaria eriantha ssp. General information about Digitaria eriantha (DIGER) Southern Africa. eriantha … ... Common names / Nomi comuni / Noms communs: Pangolagras (German) common finger grass (English) digit grass (English) digitaria (French) pangola (Spanish) pangola grass (English) pasto pangola (Spanish) woolly finger grass (English) Search Digitaria eriantha on Web. stolonifera Digitaria eriantha Steudel, var. https://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/109594 Accessed on 05 Feb 2020. Because of its fluffy seeds, it should be established in a well-prepared, firm seedbed. Flower colour; life form. [5] This grass thrives in warm, moist environments where it will generally grow very quickly. Amarillo forage peanut 48 Not registered yet? However, seeds are better adapted to sandy loam soils compared to heavier soils because seedling establishment is easier. [5] "It is perennial, sometimes stoloniferous or tufted". (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. It also occurs in Namibia, Botswana, Eswatini (former Swaziland) and Lesotho. Common names: common finger grass, digit grass, giant pangola grass, Pongola finger grass, Smuts finger grass; woolly finger grass (Eng. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Digitaria (family Poaceae). It is tolerant to droughts, water lodging, suppresses weeds and grows relatively quickly post grazing. Leaf sheaths remain at base of stem and clasp it, thus giving it a woolly appearance. Digitaria comes from Digitus, the Latin word for "finger", referring to the long, finger-like inflorescences produced by the grasses. Synonyms: Digitaria livida Henrard Digitaria nemoralis Henrard : Common names: Frequency: Status: Description: A tightly caespitose perennial, often provided with well developed runners; base surrounded by hairy cataphylls and old leaf sheath remnants. Common Finger Grass is a photoautotroph. Proper rolling before and after seeding will benefit germination and establishment. [6] Once established, seedling can grow vigorously on clay soils. Tropical Forages, Factsheets: Digitaria eriantha http://www.tropicalforages.info/key/forages/Media/Html/entities/digitaria_eriantha.htm. Usually digit grass is used for hay and pasture. As a social benefit, Digitaria eriantha is used to induce labour and to treat external sores and wounds. They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. pentzii (Stent) Kok: woolly fingergrass (2) It is also tolerant of fire. English Common Names: Common Finger Grass; Digit Grass; Pangola Grass; Smuts Digitaria; Woolly Finger Grass The entry of data in the GENIE database has led to some variations from the taxonomic terms used in relevant laws and regulations, in particular because the nomenclatures used are not always universally harmonized. CABI, Invasive Species Compendium. Ligule a fringed membrane 2-4 mm long. stolonifera Stapf. pentzii (Stent) Kok) IMPORTANT INFORMATION : This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982). A synopsis of Digitaria (Paniceae, Panicoideae, Poaceae) in Mexico, including the new species Digitaria michoacensis Acta Botanica Mexicana 101: 127-149. ... Digitaria commutata subsp. 2000. Foto n. 129455 - digitaria (Digitaria eriantha) Aerial view habitat at Haiku, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. [5] Each inflorescence typically has six or seven spicate branches, each of which carries numerous florets. It is very palatable for livestock and it is also reported as an excellent species for beef and milk production. Normally it is the grass seedhead that will be infected and only under humid conditions. Acacia koa koa 47 Acacia koaia koai‘a 47 Acacia mangium mangium 47 Acalypha wilkensiana beefsteak 47 Ajuga reptans carpet bugle 47 Aleurites moluccana kukui, lama, lumbang, sakan, raguar, candlenut tree 47 Alpinia zerumbet shell ginger 47 Arachis glabrata forage peanut 48 Arachis pintoi cv. Since the seed is fairly expensive, farmers are advised to produce their own seed so that further establishment can be made from their own seed supply. ), Rhodes grass mealy bug (Antonina graminis), chinch bug (Blissus leucopterus), sugar-cane aphid (Sipha flava), armyworms, root-knot nematodes and smut fungi. pasto pangola in Spanish woolly finger grass in English ssp. The best yields have been recorded from full sun or well-drained, moist soils. [5] Symptoms of an infected grass are: "stunting, yellowing, reddening, twisting of leaves, swelling of small veins, and excessive tillering". Retrieved 2013-11.14. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 0.9. Common Name . Digitaria eriantha (Common Finger Grass) It is a deciduous grass grows to about 1.8m. When it seeds it attracts a multitude of small birds. Digitaria eriantha Steud. Digitaria minima R.D. Spikelet 2.2–4.0 mm long, hairy; lower glume a membranous scale, ovate to triangular; upper glume 1/3–2/3 as long as spikelet, 3-nerved, hairy; internode absent; lower lemma as long as spikelet, oblong, 7-nerved, nerve smooth or sometimes scaberulous, upper glume and lower lemma covered with purple and silver hairs up to 1 mm long; upper lemma shorter than spikelet, greenish to brown, partly exposed; anther 1.8–2.2 mm long. eriantha: digitgrass: DIERP: Digitaria eriantha Steud. According to the Red list of South African plants, Digitaria eriantha is not threatened and has been assessed as Least Concern (LC). The fibres are used for baskets and in craftwork. Grammatical Dictionary of Botanical Latin. Paniceae. [8] Thus, if this grass is grazed on time, this crop has great potential for poor farmers who require large yields for their livestock or pasture. Briza Publications, Pretoria. The inflorescence can be cut either with an ordinary cutter or by hand. It is a bright green grass with long flowering stems tipped with a seed head with long fingers of seeds arranged in a whorl . The first and second cuttings typically produce the highest yields, while the next three averages about the same amount.[8]. Digit grass can grow in a variety of soils, ranging from sands to heavy clay. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Thus it is essential to use the grazed digit grass sooner rather than later. ); kortbeenhoenderspoor, kruisgras, Smutsvingergras, wolvingergras, (Afr. Digitaria eriantha ssp. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. In the cool season, a 60-day rotation is recommended for high production. Description : Length up to 1.8 m. Tufted perennial with 14 mm leaf blades. This is a great advantage for poor farmers with soils that are prone to many weeds that can be difficult to control. Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha). Digitaria eriantha. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. Woolly finger grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud. Digitaria eriantha reproduces by means of seeds, and also vegetatively through stolons, its creeping runners. Digitaria eriantha is distributed in Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique; it is dominant throughout South Africa where it occurs in Limpopo, North West, Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, and the Northern, Western and Eastern Cape Provinces. To treat external sores and wounds than later the warmer compared to heavier soils, ranging sands... Comprising of 3–15 racemes, 50–200 mm long across the slope, the yield size may be either hairy smooth. 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